Menu Filter

NSA Spy Station Teufelsberg Listening to the Soviets from West Berlin!

NSA Spy Station Teufelsberg

Teufelsberg, Grunewald Berlin, Germany


  • SPACE TYPE: Other

  • SPACE TYPE: Antenna tower


Tags: Cold War, DDR, Germany, Totally Lost 2015

During the cold war NSA Field Station Teufelsberg formed part of the Echelon spy network, a signals intelligence (SIGINT) collection and analysis network operated on behalf of the five signatory states to the UKUSA Security Agreement. Today it stands derelict on the man made forested mound called Devils Hill, the single highest elevation in West Berlin.

The story of the hill itself is an interesting one. After World War II the city of Berlin was full of rubble, which had to be disposed of in order to start rebuilding the city. Much of the rubble from East Berlin was transported outside of the city, but after the division of Germany, West Berlin ended up an isolated area surrounded by the territory of East German, controlled by the communists. That, and the shortages of fuel in the post war period caused the new West German authorities to look for somewhere closer to dispose of Berlin’s waste.

Teufelsberg was home to the Nazi military-technical college (Wehrtechnische Fakultät) designed by Albert Speer but never actually completed before the end of the War. Allegedly, it was built so well that the allies had not been able to destroy the place with explosives so they decided the former Nazi school should be buried instead, also solving the problem of what to do with West Berlin’s post war rubble. Over the coming years around 600 truck loads per day culminated in an estimated 26 million cubic meters of rubble, forming the single highest mound in West Berlin.

With Cold War tensions rising the 115m elevation of Devil’s Hill became a regular spot for the allies to place their mobile listening stations which would capture Soviet, East German, and other Warsaw Pact nations military traffic, and in the late 1950’s the first permanent construction was made on the site which went on to be one of the USA National Security Agencies largest listening stations.

When the field station closed as a result of the reunification of Germany and collapse of the Soviet Union the small unusual radomes on top of the main tower and ‘Arctic’ Radome were removed by the NSA, along with all of the sensitive computer equipment, technology and most records. The site then fell into civilian hands when it was purchased by a group of investors, making the most of the post unification economic boom. Their plans to turn it into luxury apartments never came to fruition and although changing hands several times since it still sits derelict and decaying to this day.

Text by Rob Hammond

The Teufelsberg spy station is the abandoned US NSA towers on top of Teufelsberg, an artificial hill  made from the WW2 rubble of Berlin, heaped on top of Nazi technical college designed by Albert Speer. The two 3D renderings of the structure are also included in the video Kafka’s Sisters.

Text by Brit Bunkley

Ph. Stephanie Avery

Ph. Stephanie Avery

CONTRIBUTOR: Stephanie Avery, Brit Bunkley, Mark Eder, Rob Hammond and Katja Volkenant