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Pyramida A museum for the last leader

Pyramida

Rruga Papa Gjon Pali II, Tirana, Albania
ARCHITECTS NAME: Pirro Vaso, Klement Kolaneci, Pranvera Hoxha, and Vladimir Bregu

  • CONSTRUCTION YEAR: 1988


  • SPACE TYPE: Museum, Other

  • PRESERVATION STATUS: Under-used

Tags: Albania, leisure, Totally Lost 2013, Totally Lost 2015

Pyramida was constructed in Tirana, after the death of communist leader Enver Hoxha. It was originally built as a museum for Hoxha and designed in 1988 by his daughter Pranvera Hoxha, his son-in-law Klement Kolaneci, Pirro Vaso and Vladimir Bregu. The function of this building should be a museum about the legacy of the Chairman of the communist party named “Enver Hoxha” museum. The building is raised on platforms and stairs which create a square that looks like a pedestal holding the Pyramid.

The main function of the building after the communist period has been exhibition and fair center, while the square has often been occupied by private investors of short periods of time with different activities. In 1999 the museum was used as a base by Nato and humanitarian organizations.

In the beginning of the years 2000 inside of the Pyramid were located also a cafe and the studios of a local TV station. An international competition was made in 2007 to transform it into a drama theatre and center of visual arts. None of the proposals was built and in 2010 another competition was declared, but this time proposing the demolition of the Pyramid and the creation of the new parliament of Tirana in that space.

The situation is still the same in present, the building and the square has no maintenance, no function or change has been implemented and is used only as a transit space for people only to pass through.

Source: architectuul.com


Lungo il boulevard dei Martiri della Nazione che taglia in due la capitale sorge la piramide di Enver Hoxha, un mausoleo di vetro e marmo bianco a base decagonale eretto nella seconda metà degli anni ottanta in onore del dittatore appena scomparso.

La piramide ha avuto pochi anni per rendergli onore, dal momento che il regime cadde nel 1991. Durante la transizione è stata aperta al pubblico solo in rare occasioni. Per il resto è rimasta in balia del degrado e delle scritte con le bombolette spray. Come spesso accade ai monumenti che evocano esplicitamente il passato dittatoriale, è stata al centro di un acceso dibattito intorno alla sua rimozione. C’era chi avrebbe voluto abbatterla e chi invece avrebbe voluto mantenerla come opera architettonica novecentesca, al pari delle altre raccolte intorno al boulevard.

Alla fine la piramide è rimasta lì.

Leggi l’articolo Tirana Underground di Alessandro Leogrande, su Internazionale.

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CONTRIBUTOR: Gabriele Evangelisti, Keti Gjipali, Kastriot Mersinaj and Hélène Veilleux